Introduction: SIRIO, a unique, PATENTED humidifier, maintains a previously set level of humidity inside the incubator using natural evaporation, as in industrial incubators, with no similarity to the obsolete ultrasonic humidifiers now banned from industrial use. During incubation, embryos need natural sterile water vapour, not mist created by an ultrasonic frequency – a fact confirmed by genetic laboratories all over the world!
A stable relative humidity during the incubation process is one of the basic elements for ensuring a good hatching rate and the birth of healthy and lively chicks. This is the aim of the design and manufacture of the SIRIO automatic humidifier, a device that allows water to be introduced into the humidifier totally automatically, with no input from the operator.
With SIRIO, the desired humidity level is set using buttons on an intuitive LCD display. SIRIO then pumps water into the incubator (from a bottle prepared by the user) to achieve and maintain the right humidity level, regardless of environmental humidity changes, thus optimising the hatching rate of the incubated eggs.
SIRIO consists of a dual-tube peristaltic pump controlled by a computerised hygrostat with a modified PID algorithm. This receives information from a latest-generation humidity sensor (Sensirion Swiss technology) with a precision of +/- 1 % (the most accurate in its class), which measures the humidity in the incubator throughout the entire incubation cycle with extreme precision. Once the microprocessor has obtained the information from the sensor, it activates the peristaltic pump to supply small drops of water, which evaporate to allow control of the humidity. As it approaches the set value, the microprocessor slows down the flow of water from the pump until the value is reached.
This PATENTED intelligent system keeps the humidity level stable with absolute precision.
During operation, SIRIO displays the actual humidity value inside the incubator and the value previously set by the user.
Once the SIRIO automatic humidifier is combined with the incubator and the electrical connection and water supply are assured, you can “forget” about everything until hatching!
SIRIO can meet the automatic humidity control needs of all incubators, whatever the brand, with a capacity of up to 500 eggs, with no need to modify (perforate) the shells, which can invalidate their guarantee.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS:
QUESTION: what is the difference between an ultrasonic humidifier and your dynamic model?
ANSWER: Ultrasonic humidifiers are based on a simple principle: like the room humidifiers used in homes, they merely vibrate the water, causing it to nebulise in the form of micro-particles, which are therefore volatile; however, these micro-particles also carry bacteria, microorganisms, pathogens and limescale with them!
Thus, as the nebulised micro-particles are deposited on the eggs, the bacteria can penetrate inside the egg, leading to the death of the embryo in the hatching phase due to infection or disease. In addition, limescale is deposited on the eggshell, blocking the pores that allow an exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the embryo and the environment outside the egg, with a consequent loss of oxygenation (and weakening) of the embryo.
It should also be borne in mind that after 4/5 incubation cycles with ultrasonic humidifiers, all the substances carried by the nebulised water micro-particles (e.g. limescale, which is difficult to remove) tend to stain the inside of the incubator, the sensors, the structural elements, the fan bearings, etc., causing them to progressively deteriorate, with consequent malfunction of the incubator.
However, with the dynamic evaporation principle used by SIRIO, the humidity is produced directly by evaporation of the water.
As a result, the vapour, being free of limescale, does not leave any deposit on the eggshell, nor on the internal components or structure of the incubator, while the water particles, being sterile, are free from bacteria.
In addition, ultrasonic humidifiers convey nebulised water into the incubator with the assistance of a fan, with the result that oxygen is also brought into the incubator, thereby altering the CO2 concentration. With the increase in oxygen, the CO2 concentration is in fact lowered, which is not ideal for incubation and hatching, as the shells do not weaken sufficiently.
IMPORTANT POINT: We should bear in mind a very important factor for optimal hatching: both the embryo and the structure of the eggshell need a sufficient quantity of carbon dioxide (CO2), which should be around 2,000 ppm during incubation and 5,000 ppm in the last 3 days before hatching. The CO2 acts as an acid oxide, weakening the entire structure of the shell throughout the incubation phase and making it practically more friable. Moreover, maintaining a value of around 5000 ppm during hatching stimulates and forces the chick to break the shell out of an instinct for survival.
For all these reasons, BOROTTO discourages the use of ultrasonic humidifiers, preferring methods based on natural dynamic evaporation, as in industrial incubators and beneath a brooding hen in nature.
QUESTION: Why does SIRIO use a peristaltic water pumping system?
ANSWER: Conventional centrifugal pumps have limescale problems and easily become blocked. This is why we designed SIRIO with a peristaltic pump, which requires no maintenance and can work perfectly well with tap water.